Finland (i/ˈfɪnlənd/; Finnish: Suomi [suomi]; Swedish: Finland [ˈfɪnland]), officially the Republic of Finland, is a Nordic country in Northern Europe, a peninsula with Gulf of Finland to the south and Gulf of Bothnia to the west. It has land borders with Sweden and Norway to the north and Russia to the east. Finland is part of the geographic region of Fennoscandia, which also includes Scandinavia and parts of Russia.
Finland's population is 5.5 million (2014), staying roughly on the same level with only about 9% increase in 24 years since the last economic depression in 1990. The majority live in the southern regions. The single largest group of foreigners living in Finland are Russians and Estonians, 36% of all of the foreigners (2014). In terms of area, it is the eighth largest country in Europe and the most sparsely populated country in the European Union. Finland is a parliamentary republic with a central government based in the capital Helsinki, local governments in 317 municipalities, and an autonomous region, the Åland Islands. Over 1.4 million people live in the Greater Helsinki metropolitan area, which produces a third of the country's GDP. Other large cities include Tampere, Turku, Oulu, Jyväskylä, Lahti, and Kuopio.
"Finland" is a Monty Python comedy song written and performed by Michael Palin and arranged by John Du Prez with a guitar accompaniment. It features on Monty Python's Contractual Obligation Album from 1980, is also included on the CD Monty Python Sings, and was incorporated into the musical Spamalot.
It purports to be a celebration of Finland, a country that is overlooked when travelling abroad as "a poor second to Belgium", despite the fact that it "has it all" with lofty mountains and tall trees and pleasures including: pony trekking, camping or "just watching TV". In reality "mountains so lofty" are not characteristic of Finland as the Scandinavian Mountains only just touch the northwesternmost corner of the country.
Palin gave an impromptu rendition of the song while travelling through Finland for the 1992 travel documentary Pole to Pole.
In European elections, Finland is a constituency of the European Parliament, currently represented by thirteen MEPs. It covers the member state of Finland.
The 2014 European election was the eight election to the European Parliament. Finland's representation remained at 13 MEPs.
The 2009 European election was the seventh election to the European Parliament. The number of seats was decreased to thirteen.
At the end of the Seventh European Parliament:
The 2004 European election was the sixth election to the European Parliament.
Both the Finnish Social Democratic Party and the Finnish Centre Party improved their vote at the expense of the conservative National Coalition Party and the Greens.
The 1999 European election was the fifth election to the European Parliament.
This was the first European election in Finland.
|YLE Pohjois-Karjalan Radio||Varied||Finland|
|YLE Tampereen Radio||Varied||Finland|
|YLE Radio Keski-Suomi||Varied||Finland|
|YLE Etelä-Savon Radio||Varied||Finland|
|YLE Radio Vega Åboland||Varied||Finland|
|YLE Lapin Radio||Varied||Finland|
|YLE Radio Vega Östnyland||Varied||Finland|
|YLE Radio Suomi||Varied||Finland|
|The Voice Fresh||Adult Contemporary||Finland|
|YLE Radio Perämeri||Varied||Finland|
|Aalands Radio 91.3 FM||Varied||Finland|
|YLE Radio Keski-Pohjanmaa||Varied||Finland|
|Syke.fm Trance Station||Electronica||Finland|
|Radio City Jyväskylä||Varied||Finland|
|YLE Radio Häme||Varied||Finland|
|The Voice (FI)||Varied||Finland|
|Steel FM 105.9||Varied||Finland|
|YLE Etelä-Karjalan Radio||Varied||Finland|
|Sami Radio||News Updates||Finland|
|Eazy 101||Top 40||Finland|
|oi fm 101.5 Joensuu||Varied||Finland|
|YLE Radio 1||Varied,Talk,Classical||Finland|
|YLE Radio Vega||Varied||Finland|
|Radio City Helsinki||Rock||Finland|
|YLE Ylen klassinen||Classical||Finland|
|YLE Radio Vega Österbotten||News,World,Public||Finland|
|YLE Radio Vega Västnyland||Varied||Finland|
|YLE Satakunnan Radio||Varied||Finland|
|YLE Oulu Radio||Varied||Finland|
|Radio Nova (FI)||Pop||Finland|